Welcome to Sadat's School YouTube channel. After a lot of controversy over the language issue, the final demand from East Pakistan was that Bangla must be the official language and the medium of instruction in East Pakistan and for the central government it would be one of the state languages along with Urdu. The language movement continued until 1956. Thus Bengali, in spite of being the language of the majority of the people of Pakistan, was ignored by the Pakistani ruling group as a state language which was a substantial discrimination against the people of East Pakistan. In 1947, before the independence of Pakistan and India, a comment made by Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah, a respected Bengali linguist and scholar from Dhaka University, is thought to mark the beginning of the Bengali Language Movement. The Language Movement of 1952 was the first organized expression of the consciousness of the exploited and deprived masses of Bangladesh. On 11 March 1948 a general strike was observed in the towns of East Pakistan in protest against the omission of Bangla from the languages of the Constituent Assembly, the absence of Bangla letters in Pakistani coins and stamps, and the use of only Urdu in recruitment tests for the navy. Unable to control the agitated students, the police fired upon the crowd of students, who were proceeding towards the Assembly Hall (at present, part of Jagannath Hall, University of Dhaka). When the students emerged in groups, shouting slogans, the police resorted to baton charge; even the female students were not spared. 1952 Language Movement Day For most of us, February is the time where flowers get expensive, life-size teddy bears are everywhere, and production of chocolates is doubled or even tripled. 1952: Jannuary 26: Nazimuddin also declared in paltan maidan that urdu would be the one an only state language February 4: Abdul Matin formed “Dhaka University ‘s state language committee”. Although the Movement reached its climax in February 1952, when police fired on the crowds of language activists at Dhaka, the Movement began in September 1947, within one month after the emergence of Pakistan as an independent state. In April 1949 the students of the Bengali Department, DU submitted a memorandum to Pakistan Education Advisory Board protesting against this objectionable proposal. Published in two installments in the Kolkata daily "Ittehad" on 22 and 29 June 1947, the article argued for Bangla as Pakistan's state language. This page was last modified on 1 March 2015, at 11:06. As the President of the East Pakistan Arabic Association, he also campaigned for This movement blossomed in 1952 after the police had killed some students who were participating in a rally on February 21 of that year. The Language Movement is a unique event in the history of the political Movement of Bangladesh. Plain Language Movement, a campaign to make writing easy to read, understand, and use; Language revitalization, attempts by interested parties to reverse the decline of a language that is endangered, moribund, or extinct; Linguistic purism, the practice of defining one variety of a language as being purer than other varieties The Language Movement is a very ... Pakistan started losing its case to remain united as one nation on 21stFebruary 1952. But he rejected the proposal. A meeting of the Central Language Action Committee was held on 20 February under the chairmanship of abul hashim. Political, military, administrative and economic discrimination had been increasing gradually. For example, United Front got 236 seats out of 309 in the provincial election in 1954  but this government could not  continue more then two years. Form the very beginning, Pakistan had been following a policy of partition against East Pakistan. Rahim et. A meeting was held on the Dhaka University premises. In October 1947, Tamuddun Majlis formed Rastrabhasha Sangram Parishad to give the Language Movement an organizational structure. It is an honour bestowed by the international community on the Language Movement of Bangladesh. The students then started throwing brickbats at the police, who retaliated with tear gas. About two thirds of the foreign exchange of Pakistan was earned by selling the jute of East Pakistan. Language Movement Day, also called State Language Day or Language Martyrs' Day, is a national holiday of Bangladesh taking place on 21 February each year and commemorating the Bengali language movement and its martyrs.On this day, people visit Shaheed Minars to pay homage to the movement's martyrs, and arrange seminars discussing and promoting Bengali as the state language of Bangladesh. Major Events of Language Movement After death of Moahammad Ali Jinnah, Nazimudding became the new governor general of Pakistan. On September 2, 1947 some students of the University of Dhaka formed “Tomaddun Mojlish”, a cultural organization. 21 February: On 21 February, the students of Dhaka University in an organized way defied section 144 and leading a procession from the University campus proceeded towards the Provincial Assembly which was in session, chanting the slogan “Rashtrabhasha.Bangla Chai”. Bengali was the mother tongue of about 56 percent of the people of Pakistan. A nine-year-old boy named Ohiullah was also killed. In 1952, Bengali students in East Pakistan rose up and protested against the Pakistani government for declaring Urdu as the national language. To get something unique, stay with us. As a result, a wide gap was in the relation between East and West Pakistan. The Language Movement began in 1948 and reached its climax in the killings of 21 February 1952, and ended in the adoption of Bangla as one of the state languages of Pakistan. A movement is started in 1947 few months after the birth of Pakistan. Bengali was the mother tongue of about 56 percent of the people of Pakistan. The Dhaka University Language Action Committee was formed on 11 March 1950 with Abdul Matin as its convener. So, we wanted to share a few words we still use today that actually came about in … In administrative arena, within 1966, 77% 1st class jobs belonged to the west Pakistani whereas only 23% filled up by the East Pakistani, On the other hand, 74% for 2nd Class, 73% for 3rd Class and 70% for 4th Class jobs went to west Pakistan while remaining  were  for East Pakistan. The Samgram Parishad called a general strike on 11 March 1948 to resist the conspiracy of the Government in the language issue. Language Movement began in 1948 and reached its climax in the killing of 21 February 1952, and ended in the adoption of Bangla as one of the state languages of Pakistan. Abdul Haque had written many more essays on Bangla language and Bengali nationalism during the 1948-1952 Language Movement. The Language Movement is a ... after the partition of 1947. Meeting of All Party Rashtrabhasha Sangram Committee: The Committee decided to call a strike on 4 February and observe 21 February as the State Language Day and to observe hartal in the country. The Language Action Committee decided to call a hartal and organise demonstrations and processions on February 21 throughout East Pakistan. There is no doubt that the “language issue” did not prominently manifest in Bengal province before, during, after the general elections of either 1936-37 or 1945-46. al., Bangladesher Itihas, P. 479]]. Because Karachi was the capital of Pakistan, Bengalis were being deprived of all sorts of advantages. A new committee to fight for Bangla as the state language was formed with Shamsul Huq as convener. 25/07/2017 This consciousness born out of the Language Movement inspired all the subsequent Movements and helped achieving the political, the cultural and the economic freedom leading to independence. Mohammad Ali Zinnah on 21 March  1948                              Protest of the students. The milestone historic events towards the emergence of Bangladesh starting from 1952 to 1971. In memory of that, another Shaheed Minar was built later on the same site and that is the present Central Shaheed Minar. Dr. Mohammad Shahidullah defends Bangla as the state language on 29th July, 1947. al., Bangladesher Itihas, P. 480]. In the army, 95 percent posts were held by the West Pakistanis and East Pakistan had a share of only 5 percent. [Source: M.A. Language Movement Even before the creation of Pakistan, there was a demand to make Bangla the national language. He addressed two meetings in Dhaka, in both of which he ignored the popular demand for Bangla. Announcement of Muhammad Ali Jinnah: On 21 March 1948, Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Dhaka and addressed a public meeting at the then Race Course Maidan. First, after a great sacrifice of innocent human lives it established Bangla as a state language of Pakistan. The East Bengal Legislative Assembly adopted a resolution recommending the recognition of Bangla as one of the state languages of Pakistan. But in the face of strong protest from the people of East Bengal, the Constituent Assembly postponed the discussion. On May 19, 2011 at a seminar organised jointly by the Sahitya Akademi and G.C. Education Conference in Karachi: In December 1947 an Educational Conference was held in Karachi sponsored by the Government of Pakistan. This page has been accessed 91,412 times. The movement also reiterated the earlier demand that Bangla be declared one of the state languages of Pakistan and the official language of East Pakistan. From 1947 to 1956, a national language movement swept through East Pakistan. In the beginning, it was cultural movement, but gradually it took the form of a political movement. All-Party Rashtrabhasha Sangram Parishad and Protest on 11 March 1948: On 2 March 1948  formed the All-Party Rashtrabhasha Sangram Parishad. On September 2, 1947 some students of the University of Dhaka formed “Tomaddun Mojlish”, a cultural organization. Muslim scholars and leaders logically believed that Urdu, only spoken by 7%, should be the lingua franca because it had gained a reputation as the cultural symbol of subcontinental Muslims. Mohammad Toaha was severely injured while trying to snatch away a rifle from a policeman and had to be admitted to hospital. Dr. Shahidullah was proposed to be appointed for the purpose of introducing Arabic script. Dr. Mohammad Shahidullah defends Bangla as the state language on 29th July, 1947. Under such circumstances the government had to give in. Under these circumstances, the Language Movement got a new momentum in 1952. [Bashir Al Helal], http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Language_Movement&oldid=18198. (Language problem…, 1947; Bangla Pedia, 2003). There was a growing sense of deprivation and exploitation in East Pakistan and a realisation that a new form of colonialism had replaced British imperialism. Meanwhile, serious preparation was being taken in various forums of the central government of Pakistan under the initiative of Fazlur Rahman, the central education minister, to make Urdu the only state language of Pakistan. The meeting was followed by student processions and more agitation. The Sangram Parishad raised the following demands regarding the question of language: Demand by Dhirendra Nath Dutta:  In February 1948 when the first Assembly of Pakistan started to record its proceedings in Urdu side by side with English, Dhirendra Nath Dutta of Comilla, a member of Assembly, protested against it and demanded that Bengali be accorded official recognition as one of the languages of the Constituent Assembly. The students were determined to violate Section144 and held a student meeting at 11.00 am on 21 February on the Dhaka University campus, then located close to the Medical College Hospital. The students and intellectuals of East Pakistan, however, demanded that Bangla be made one of the state languages. This consciousness born out of the Language Movement inspired all the subsequent Movements and helped achieving the political, the cultural and the economic freedom leading to independence. Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman had a special contribution to the Language Movement. Although 56 percent of the people of Pakistan were Bengalis, the West Pakistani didn’t want Bengali to become the state language. Both Jinnah and Liaquat Ali Khan were dead-Jinnah on 11 September 1948 and Liaquat Ali Khan on 16 October 1951. The first Rastrabhasa Sangram Parishad (Language Action Committee) was formed towards the end of December with Professor Nurul Huq Bhuiyan of Tamaddun Majlish as the convener. On the other hand, Urdu was the mother tongue of only 6 percent people of the whole of Pakistan (Census 1951). September 15, 1947 Tamuddun Majlis (Cultural Society, ... January 26, 1952 ... “The Language Movement added a new dimension to politics in Pakistan. Language Movement of 1952: Birth of Bangladesh. He noted that out of the 6 crore 90 lakh population of Pakistan, 4 crore 40 lakh were from East Pakistan with Bangla as their mother tongue. Majority of the Pakistani citizens (as of 1952), about 54% of the citizens, were Bengali.In the protest several students died for defending the Bengali language for themselves and for the future generations.. Police opened fire on this rally too. Since 1952, 21 February has been observed every year to commemorate the martyrs of the Language Movement. An All-Party Central Language Action Committee was formed with Kazi Golam Mahboob as its convener. With UNESCO adopting a resolution on 17 November 1999 proclaiming 21 February as international mother language day. It has been suggested that the freedom … Formation of Tamuddin Majlish: On 15 September 1947 Tamuddun Majlis published the booklet on the Language Movement entitled ‘Pakistaner Rastrabhasha Bangla Na Urdu’. However, the students, under their leaders - Abdul Matin and gaziul haque - were adamant. As a result, Safiur Rahman was killed. Importance of Language movement in 1952 » The Language Movement is one of the most important days in our history. With UNESCO adopting a resolution on 17 November 1999 proclaiming 21 February as international mother language day. Finally, Bengali was given the status of one of the state languages in the Constitution of Pakistan of 1956. Its main point was Bengali language. The movement achieved its goal by forcing the Pakistan Constituent Assembly in adopting both Bangla and Urdu as the state languages of Pakistan. On the same day, in a meeting of the students held at the Dhaka Medical College hostel, it was decided to build a Shaheed Minar. Today is International Mother Language Day that has its roots in the Bengali Language Movement in what was then East Pakistan and later Bangladesh. Secondly, and more importantly, it provided a distinct identity to the Bangla speaking people of the On 23 February, at the spot where students had been killed, a memorial was erected. Language campaigns. A new party, the Awami Muslim League-which would later become the awami league-was formed under the leadership of maulana abdul hamid khan bhasani in 1949. In the face of continuous student’s and people’s Movements the Pakistan Government was compelled to give Bengali the status of one of the state languages. On the other hand, Bengalis wanted to make their language the state language along with Urdu and had no objections against that language’. Huge discrimination was prevailing in the area of education facility also, Source: Bangladesh documents, Ministry of External Affairs, India, 1971 (p:17), ≡mportance of Computers in the Business World, ≡List of postal codes in Bangladesh(All Division). It is an honour bestowed by the international community on the Language Movement of Bangladesh. The headquarters of the three Defense Services were established in West Pakistan. It was decided that 11 March would be declared ‘Bengali Language Demand Day’. The police used tear gas to disperse the students. We have created this site to establish social network among the people of the world. On the other hand, Urdu was the mother tongue of only 6 percent people of the whole of Pakistan. It was proposed that the members would have to speak either in Urdu or in English at the Assembly. HISTORY, OTHERS. College Alumni Association (a Silchar based college of repute) in New Delhi to mark fifty years of the movement, the discussion, among others, raised an interesting issue: the message of the language movement, May 19, and eleven dead protesters was not to remain confined to Barak Valley. The Bengali Language Movement (Bengali: ভাষা আন্দোলন Bhasha Andolôn) was a political movement in former East Bengal (renamed East Pakistan in 1956 and Bangladesh in 1971) advocating the recognition of the Bengali language as an official language of the then-Dominion of Pakistan in order to allow its use in government affairs, the continuation of its use as a medium of education, its use in media, currency and stamps, and to maintain its writing in the Bengali script. Head offices of the State Bank and other banks, insurance companies, trading concerns and foreign missions were established in West Pakistan. On receiving the news that the motion had been rejected, students, intellectuals and politicians of East Pakistan became agitated. Hearing the news of the shooting, some members of the Assembly, including maulana abdur rashid tarkabagish and some opposition members, went out and joined the students. By the beginning of 1952, the Language Movement took a serious turn. In the Assembly, nurul amin, chief minister of East Pakistan, continued to oppose the demand for Bangla. Announcement of Liaquat Ali Khan: In September 1950 The Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan declared in the Constituent Assembly that only Urdu would be the state language of Pakistan. The language movement of 1952 was a turning point in the history on many counts. A brief history of the Bangla language movement Today we celebrate International Mother Language day. We always try to gather updated news and try to share with you. Formation of Purbo Bangla Bhasha Committee: On 9 March 1949 the Government of East Bengal formed the Purbo Bangla Bhasha Committee for reforming Bengali language. At one stage, the police opened fire. 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